Adjective (Definition & Examples) [2021] – ultimate guide

Adjective expresses the quality of a noun or a pronoun. Here the users will be able to know the definition and examples of adjective.

Definition:

It expresses the quality of a noun or a pronoun and adds something to the meaning of a noun or pronoun. Adjectives give us information about nouns.

Examples:

  • I saw a white horse.
  • I saw a happy child.
  • He was angry.
  • He is a wise boy.
  • He is my best friend.
  • It is very hot today.
  • The ball is bigger than that.
  • I am very happy today.
  • His shirt is red.
  • It is the easiest question.

Here in the above sentences, the underlined words are showing adjectives in the sentences.

Kinds of Adjective:

There are two main kinds of adjectives:

I) Descriptive Adjective
II) Limiting Adjective

I. Descriptive:

It shows the quality of the noun. Descriptive adjectives can be divided into the following two adjectives:

a. Attributive
b. Predicate

i) Attributive: It is placed directly before or after the noun.

Examples:

• The old man has a big rod.
• John is a kind boy.
• Julia is a beautiful adjective.
• You made me angry.
• The music made the room noisy.

ii) Predicate: It is placed after a linking verb.

Examples:

• The man is smart.
• Julia is beautiful.
• John is intelligent.
• John is wise than Julia.
• It is a beautiful toy.

II) Limiting Adjectives:

The limiting adjectives have been categorized into the following nine types.

i. Definite or Indefinite articles
ii. Demonstrative
iii. Possessive
iv. Indefinite
v. Interrogative
vi. Proper
vii. Cardinal
viii. Ordinal

i) Definite or Indefinite articles: ‘A’ and ‘n’ are definite adjectives whereas ‘the’ is an indefinite adjective.

Examples:

  • I saw a lion.
  • He saw an airplane.
  • The elephant was big.

ii) Demonstrative: In a sentence, these adjectives come with the noun. For example, this, those, that.

Examples:

  • That dog was scary.
  • This house is beautiful.
  • Those cups were white.
  • That cloth is warm.
  • This shoe is comfortable.
  • Those shirts were blue.

iii) Possessive: It shows the possession of something. For example, my, your, his, her, our, their

Examples:

  • This is my shop.
  • This is your mobile.
  • These are our cars.
  • This is his book.

iv) Indefinite: Indefinite adjectives come with the noun in a sentence. They are many, any, few, all etc

Examples:

  • There were few police officials.
  • All parents should come.
  • All teachers should participate.
  • There were many cups there.

v) Interrogative: These adjectives are used in the sentence to ask the question and they come with the noun. They are which,what, etc.

Examples:

  • What color is this?
  • Which shirt do you like?
  • What is your name?
  • What is your hobby?

vi) Proper: Like proper nouns, these adjectives are used to indicate particular things. These adjectives are always used with capital letters.

Examples:

  • This is a Chinese food.
  • This American child is beautiful.
  • I use to wear cotton cloth.

viii) Cardinal: They modify the noun by numbering it.

Examples:

  • I have three pencils.
  • I have four books.
  • This boy has two red cars.
  • This girl has six pens.
  • You have two big houses.

ix) Ordinal: These adjectives use to indicate the numbers in first, second, third, etc.

Examples:

  • The first boy standing in the row fell down.
  • The third date of this month is fixed for her marriage.
  • He is going to America on 5th March.
  • Our school will be opened on the fourth of this month.
  • The second car standing there was out of order.

Position of Adjectives:

Most adjectives can be used in front of a noun or noun group.

i) The little boys were playing in the street.
ii) He made an impressive speech.

Adjectives can also be used after a linking verb such as ‘be’, ‘become’, ‘feel’, ‘seen’.

Examples:

i) He is a noble person.
ii) Do you feel hungry?

Some adjectives are normally used only after a linking verb.

For example:

i) Well, alone, asleep, alive, glad, sure.

Some adjectives are normally used only in front of a noun.

For example:

Northern, countless, atomic, minimum, existing, neighboring, occasional.

‘The neighboring country’.

To emphasize a strong feeling or emotion, the adjective will always come in front of a noun.

For example:

i) He hit upon a perfect idea.
ii) The story is an utter lie.

A few adjectives have different meanings depending on whether they come in front or after a noun.

For example:

i) The teacher is concerned about the weak students. (i.e. he is worried)
ii) The teacher concerned should be consulted. (i.e. the relevant teacher)

Orders of Adjectives:

More than one adjective can be used in front of a noun.

For example:

In the phrase, ‘A beautiful red chair, both beautiful and red are adjectives, which are used in front of the noun, ‘chair’. If you use two or more adjectives, you put them in a particular order. However, if you want to emphasize an adjective, you can change the normal order.

Examples:

i) This is a lovely comfortable chair.
ii) I bought a comfortable red chair.

In sentence (i) both lovely and comfortable are included in opinion adjectives. ‘lovely’ is a general opinion adjective, whereas comfortable is a specific opinion adjective.

As a rule, a general opinion adjective comes before an adjective with a more specific meaning.

There are seven types of descriptive adjectives. They will come in the order given below:

1234567
NumberSizeShapeAgeColourNationalityMaterial


Number Size Shape Age Colour Nationality Material.

Descriptive adjectives used in a concrete sense indicate these qualities:

Number, size, shape, age or duration, color, nationality, and material.

When you use a noun in front of another noun, you put an adjective in front of the first noun. i.e. A beautiful Egyptian cotton shirt.

LIST OF COMMON ADJECTIVES

AbleNoble
BraveMad
LargeRich
LatePoor
CleverStrong
Deep Simple
Dry Small
FatSweet
HotTall
HighTRUE
HeavyWhite
HappyWise
Easy Wet
OldYoung

Formation of Comparatives

1st Degree2nd Degree3rd Degree
HardHarderHardest
LongLongerLongest
Rich RicherRichest
SmallSmallerSmallest
TallTallerTallest 
WhiteWhiterWhitest
HappyHappierHappiest
PrettyPrettierPrettiest
FatFatterFattest
WetWetterWettest
BadWorseWorst
Evil Worse Worst
FarFartherFarthest
IllWorse Worst
Many MoreMost
MuchMoreMost
GoodBetter best

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