Adverbs | Definition & Examples in sentences | ultimate guide

Adverbs modifies the meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Here the users will find complete detail of adverb. Useful for the students.

Adverbs:

The words that modify the meaning of a verb, adjective, or another adverb. It is the quality of the verb. Adverbs tell us how, when or where something happened. Usually, they answer the questions like when, where, how, etc.

Examples:

  1. Julius looks beautiful.                 
  2. I can do this sum easily.
  3. He writes carefully.
  4. The old man walks slowly.
  5. My friend visited me yesterday.
  6. Come here.
  7. She is doing her work nicely.

Types of Adverbs:

          There are five types :

  • Adverb of time: It indicates when the action takes place. For example, late, ago, before, yesterday, today, already, early

Example in sentences:       

  • They will go tomorrow.
  • My friend visited me yesterday.
  • I will send this copy to you today.
  • My father will arrive at 02:00 p.m.
  • She leaves school tomorrow.
  • He entered the class early before the teacher arrived.
  • He has finished his homework before one hour of starting the class.
  • We will go to the hill station today.
  • I will call him tomorrow.
  • They will come late for dinner.
  • I have already finished my meal.
  • You have to reach early at Railway station to get the train.
  • Adverb of place:   It indicates the place where the action is performed. For example, here, there, everywhere, in, out, beneath, below, underneath, up

Examples in sentences:

  • I have checked John inside the room.
  • Come here.
  • God is everywhere.
  • We went in, out, up and down, but could not find the bird.
  • Cat is sitting underneath the table.
  • He is sitting beneath the tree.
  • Get out from there.

Adverb of manner: It indicates the mode people perform actions or things. For example, slowly, dishonestly, rudely, regularly, angrily.

Example in sentences:       

  • They walk quickly.
  • She is doing her work nicely.
  • When did they come?
  • You should work honestly.
  • He dishonestly took money from his mother.
  • He is behaving rudely with his brother.
  • He is talking slowly.
  • He often goes to meet her.
  • Adverb of Frequency:    It shows the frequency of action. For example, sometimes, repeatedly, regularly, occasionally, frequently, seldom.

Example in sentences:

  • I often go to the playground
  • Sometimes I visit hill-stations
  • Often we travel to a new town.
  • We seldom go to crowded areas due to COVID.
  • He asks the questions repeatedly from her.
  • I go to meet my parents regularly.
  • She visits the shelter homes occasionally.
  • Adverb of Degree: It shows the very moment when action has been completed. For example, too, very, quite, almost, fully, enough, altogether.

Examples in sentences:  

  • She has just reached there.
  • They were too tired to work.
  • I am quite satisfied and fully happy.
  • He has almost finished his meal.
  • I am very eager to meet him.
  • He seems to be quite young at the age of forty.
  • An Adverb answers: how, when, how often, where, under what conditions, or in what manner.
  • Adverbs of cause or reason: These answers why… consequently (therefore).

Example in sentences:

  • The government acted unwisely. So (therefore) it was unpopular. (So and therefore modify unpopular, the adjective). We ran fastest. Consequently (as a result), we won.

Adverbs of positive and negative meaning: These answer ‘true or wrong’.

          Admittedly, acceptedly, unacceptably, unquestionably.

Examples in sentences:

  1. How many of you have brought your homework? None.
  2. They are admittedly the ablest teachers here. Surely, it is a grand victory.

Degrees of the Adverb

Following are the degrees of adverb.

  1. Regular adverbs
  2. Irregular adverbs

Regular Adverbs:                  (short and long adverbs)

  1. When a third-degree adverb is used with ‘most’, ‘the’ is not used after it. ‘The’ is necessarily used if another adverb is also used.

Example: She talks most charmingly of all. I have heard the most charmingly delivered speech here.

  • Either ‘er’ and ‘est’ or ‘more’ and ‘most’ are added to these regular adverbs in the comparative and superlative degrees.
PositiveComparativeSuperlative
FastFasterFastest
LoudLouderLoudest
Quickmore quickmost quick
SlowlyMore slowlyMost slowly

          Irregular Adverbs

          These adverbs have different forms in their three degrees.

PositiveComparativeSuperlative
BadlyWorseWorst
FarFartherFarthest
LateLaterLast
LittleLessLeast
MuchMoreMost

Position of Adverbs:

Generally, we put adverbs of manner, place, and time after the main verbs.

For example:

  1. She says her prayers regularly.
  2. We shall succeed sooner or later.
  3. The children were roaming about here and there.

If we use all the three adverbials in one sentence the normal order would be like this:

  1. First adverb of manner
  2. Then adverb of place
  3. In the end adverb of time.

For example:

  1. The students were sitting attentively in the classroom throughout the session.

If we want to emphasize certain adverbs, we can use them before main verbs.

For example:

  1. Last night I saw a horrible dream.
  2. I am anxiously waiting for you.
  3. Here comes John.

Note: In the last sentence the verb comes before the subject. It makes the statement more forceful and dramatic.

We usually put adverbs of frequency, probability, and duration in front of the main verb.

For example:

  1. He often visits us once a month.
  2. I will probably accept this job.
  3. They have already completed their work.

We can change the order of adverbs if we want to change the emphasis. In the classroom, the day before yesterday, some of the students behaved rather badly

More About Adverbs

Most adjectives can be changed into adverbs of the manner by adding ‘ly’. Sometimes there are, however, minor spelling changes.

For example:

Adjectives                    Adverbs

  • Careful                           Carefully
  • Eager                              Eagerly
  • Nice                                Nicely
  • Bad                                 Badly
  • True                                Truly
  • Amicable                        Amicably

Some of the adverbs of manner are used with the same meanings as adjectives.

For example:

  1. He runs fast.                            Adverb
  2. He is a fast runner.                 Adjective
  3. They come late.                       Adverb
  4. They are latecomers.              Adjective

We don’t use adverbs after link verbs such as ‘is’, ‘am’, ‘were’, ‘seems’, ‘feels’. We use adjectives after them.

For example:

  1. She is intelligent.                     Adjective
  2. He felt quite happy.                 Adjective
  3. He looks fine.                           Adjective

Prepositional phrases can be used as adverbials of time and place.

For example:

  1. Early in the morning.
  2. At 11’O clock.
  3. In the air.

Adverbs of probability tell us how something happens:

          Often           Sometimes            rarely

          Never          usually                  always

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