Apologue is a brief story with a moral message. It is helpful in conveying some positive lesson to the readers.

What is Apologue?

An apologue is a succinct story with an ethical message. It is a tale about how to act in a specific situation. Through a story, moral message is conveyed to the people. It is frequently categorized for the young readers, however not limited to children’s literature. It is beneficial for the people of all times and ages.

Fables and allegories are commonly compared to apologues in the way that the messages which convey to the people are more essential than the characters and settings in which they are delivered. When a reader reads an apologue, he has become morally strong. It creates a long lasting effect on the minds of readers and they consider it more important than anything else.

Morals of Apologues:

A reader might come across the following morals while reading apologues:

• It is critical to share.
• Do not cheat.
⦁ Keep your promise.
⦁ Be respectful of your friends.
• There is something for everyone to learn.
• Do not take joy for granted.
• Never dismiss your opponent.
• Always respect and love your parents.
⦁ Never judge a book of its cover.
⦁ No pain, no gain.
⦁ Pride hath a fall.
⦁ Be dependable.
⦁ Have humanity.
⦁ Be courageous.
⦁ Be brave.

Why Apologue is important?

Apologue teaches ethics and gives a moral lesson in a light manner. It appeals to the mind of readers and acceptable for them. It quickly convinces the readers. Apologue is rhetorical device that persuade people to seek solution of their problems which otherwise are considered as uncertain. It is a teaching tool for the parents and children. One can easily extract the moral of this story.

Examples of Apologue in Literature:

The Crow and the Pitcher:

It is a fable by Aesop that can be considered an apologue. It has been categorized on a thirsty crow who comes across a pitcher of water higher than his beak. He tries but fails to push it over. After thinking a while, he picks pebbles from nearby and starts dropping them into the water until it rises to the surface.

The moral of this apologue is that: creativity is more important than physical strength. In various situations, you can overcome the target by using your wit and intelligence. Another lesson from this story is that necessity inspires invention. When you are in a dire search of something you consider each and every aspect which may be helpful to reach the target.

The Ants and the Grasshopper:

This is a story of grasshopper and ant. The ant works hard and save food for the winter season whereas the grasshopper wastes his time in playing and to spend leisure time. Consequently, when the winter comes, the grasshopper begs for food from the ant. The moral of the story is that “To work today is to eat tomorrow”.

The Bell and the Cat

This apologue is also known as belling the Cat. It is attributed to Aesop. The story is told by a group of mice who has serious threat from a terrifying cat. They decide to put a bell around the cat’s neck, and think that someone has to take the risk to do so. They all make excuses to accept this challenge.

The moral of the story is intriguing, if somewhat complex. It is critical to evaluate a plan based on its outcome and how it will be implemented. A plan may appear to be sound until it is put into action.

The Lion and the Mouse

It is a story of lion and mouse which has been categorized as Aesop. The lion catches a mouse and intends to eat. The mouse begs for his life and promise to help him at some other event. The mouse later saved the lion by chewing through the ropes of a trap. The moral is, “Little friends can grow into great friends.”

The dog and the Shadow

A dog crossing over a bridge having a piece of meat saw the flesh of his own shadow in the water and consider it another dog who has a piece of meat in his mouth. He immediately let go of his own and attacked the other dog, attempting to take his piece of meat. He thus lost both. His intention to grasp the other piece fails and his own piece of meat washed away.

The moral of the apologue is that “Grab at the shadow and lose the substance,” It outcome can also be termed as “Greed is a curse”.

Animal Farm by George Orwell

“I trust that every animal here appreciates the sacrifice Comrade Napoleon has made in taking this extra labour upon himself. Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is a pleasure! On the contrary, it is a deep and heavy responsibility. No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal”.

The story of the pigs in Animal Farm is actually about real-life issues in the Russian Revolution, 1917. Napoleon, who rules over the rest of the farm animals, is well aware of the dual thinking which requires keeping farm animals under control. Using quotes like the one above, he and his companions persuade the other farm animals that having him in charge is in their best interests.

Purpose of creating Apologue

When writer wants to express a moral story, he writes this type of story. Apologue is typically written with a lot of wit and crafty writing. It is decisively arranged so that the reader leaves with a better understanding of life and how he might want to live it.

Apologue is not always easy to write, and original story is not always easy to come up with. This is why Aesop’s fable and allegorical works such as The Faerie Queene are so popular. This tool is helpful to engage the people towards some purposeful task which ultimately gives a good result.

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