The archetype comes from the Greek word arkhaiotita, which means “primordial image” or “original pattern.” Plato first used the term in his work Timaeus to refer to the original model or design from which copies are made. Carl Jung used it in his theory of psychological types and personality traits.

Archetypal Reading

The archetypal reading is a form of divination that uses archetypes to interpret the past, present, and future. The archetypal reading is also known as a Jungian analysis or a mandala. The archetype is a universal symbol that represents an idea or concept. Carl Jung developed the theory of archetypes and used it to explain collective unconsciousness, which is made up of instincts, feelings, and emotions that are shared by all people.

The archetypal reading involves interpreting dreams from your past and present life and your hopes for the future. It can also be used to interpret images from your dreams, such as animals or objects that appear in your dream. This form of divination can be used by anyone who wants to know more about themselves as well as their relationships with others.

Archetype Character       

The archetype character is the basic pattern for all characters in a story. It is a universal symbol that represents humanity as a whole. All stories are built around an archetype character.

The villain is also an archetype character representing evil forces in the world. Villains have many different characteristics, but they always want something they cannot have — power, money, or something else they desire — and will use any means possible to get it.

The Sidekick – A sidekick is a close companion of the hero who tends to be loyal and helpful but not as bright or independent as the hero himself (or herself).

The Mentor – A mentor is a wise old man/woman who helps out the hero during his/her journey and serves as a guide through difficult situations.

The Mother Figure: The mother figure represents protection and nurturing love towards her children. She gives us security while we are young to explore our surroundings as we grow older. She represents the intuitive aspect of life that supports all living things.

The Wise Old Man/Woman: These characters provide wisdom and guidance to the main character while they undergo their journey or quest. The Wise Old Man/Woman often represents what society expects from older people, such as experience, authority, and judgment. Others may dismiss them but ultimately prove right in their predictions or advice to the hero. Examples include Gandalf from JRR Tolkien’s Lord of the Rings trilogy and Obi-Wan Kenobi from Star Wars films, who appear as mentors to their respective heroes, Aragorn, and Luke Skywalker, respectively).

Archetype Hero

The archetype of the hero is one of the most widely used literary devices in Western Literature. In his book The Hero with a Thousand Faces, Joseph Campbell describes the hero’s journey as a standard structure in many cultures’ mythic stories. This archetype is often used as a starting point for many modern works of Literature and movies, especially those with spiritual or religious overtones.

The hero’s journey consists of three main parts: departure, initiation, and return. Each element has unique characteristics and challenges that the protagonist must overcome to complete their journey successfully.


The first part of the hero’s journey is usually referred to as departure. This section begins when your protagonist leaves home on an adventure, either by choice or force. They might be going to war or leaving because they’ve been banished from their homeland for some reason. The important thing about this phase is that it forces your character out into the world where they’ll have new experiences that will help them grow as a person.

Types of Archetype

There are many different types of archetypes. The most commonly used ones are:

The Innocent

The Innocent is a character who has not yet been corrupted by the outside world and is only good at heart. They are usually represented as pure white or wearing white clothing. The Innocent is so pure that they tend to be naive and ignorant about things that don’t concern them. You may also see The Innocent depicted as an angel or childlike character.

The Orphan

The Orphan is a character who has lost their parents somehow, whether because they have died or abandoned them. This character often struggles with grief and sadness due to their loss but also have a deep sense of independence and resourcefulness which helps them overcome these difficulties in life. They can also be quite rebellious against authority figures such as teachers or parents who try to control them too much.

The Explorer

The Explorer is a character who longs for adventure and excitement at any cost! They crave new experiences above all else but can sometimes get into trouble when they take risks without thinking about the consequences first! If you see this type of character in your dreams, it could mean that you need some time away from home.

Archetypes can be categorized into:

Elemental Archetypes: These include basic human emotions such as joy and anger.

Mythological Archetypes: These include gods and goddesses like Apollo and Zeus.

Religious Archetypes include Jesus Christ as the son of God or Buddha as a spiritual leader on earth.

Persona archetypes include Superman as a superhero or Darth Vader as an evil villain.

An archetype in Shakespeare’s Work:

In Shakespeare’s work, there are many archetypal characters such as Romeo (romantic lover), Hamlet (tragic hero), Macbeth (villain) Lady Macbeth (wicked queen). Other archetypes include the fool (clown), love triangle, etc.

  • The archetype of the Young Hero is represented by Romeo, who has to overcome the obstacles of his family and his love for Juliet.
  • The archetype of the Wise Old Man is represented by Friar Lawrence and Friar John, who are both wise men who share their wisdom with Romeo.
  • The Caregiver archetype is represented by Juliet’s Nurse, who cares for and protects Juliet. 

Cinderella from Charles Perrault’s Cinderella

The main character in Cinderella is a young woman who her stepmother and stepsisters poorly treat. She has two fairy godmothers who help her go to the ball and return home again. She marries the prince and lives happily ever after. This story is an example of an archetypal plot.

Henry V by William Shakespeare

King Henry V is an excellent example of an archetype in this play because he is portrayed as a strong leader who inspires his men to fight for their country.

Another example of an archetype in this play is the King’s brother, Humphrey of Gloucester. Humphrey is portrayed as a jealous and conniving person who does not want to see his brother become King. He uses his position as Chancellor to try to stop Henry from becoming King but fails miserably when he tries to get soldiers to kill him.

One more example of an archetype in this play is Sir John Falstaff. Sir John Falstaff represents a loyal friend who will always be there for you when you need him most, even if it means risking his life for you as he did for Prince Hal when he was fighting against Oxford University (Henry V).

More to read:

AlliterationClimaxInterjection100 Examples of Simile

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