Brackets in grammar

The term bracket refers to several different punctuation marks used in writing, with each type having a different shape and purpose. Brackets are used to provide context in a sentence or about something. These are also used to provide additional information of the word or sentence.

Brackets are most commonly used for parenthetical insertions. The two most common types are parentheses and brackets. Parentheses are also known as round brackets, and square brackets are also known as crotchets or chevrons.

The names of these types of punctuation derive from their shapes: the curved lines resemble parentheses (parentheses coming from the Greek word parágōn, meaning “to speak alongside”), while the straight lines correspond to the slanted sides of a box (from Latin brachium meaning “arm”).
Brackets are generally restricted to informal contexts, though some classical authors have used them.

What is Punctuation?

Punctuation is the art of rightly putting pauses, points and stops in writing in order to make the sense clear and comprehensible.

Use of Brackets [ ]

Big brackets [  ] are used to provide some additional information. Sometimes both big and smalls brackets are jointly used in a sentence

Rules to use Brackets [ ] in Writing:

Usually brackets are of two shapes: big brackets [ ] and small brackets ( )

  1. Small brackets ( ) are used to give some additional information.

i. He is (as he always was ) a rebel.
ii. Zimbabwe (formerly Rhodesia).
iii. They talked about Machtpolitik (power politics).
iv. His wife (he married about a year ago) is a member of this club.
v. His father (who is currently serving in army) is a brave man.

  1. Brackets are also used to provide context in a sentence or about something.

i. Thomas Carlyle (1795-1881)
ii. A discussion of integral circuits (see p. 35)

  1. Brackets are also used in reference words like,

a) English b) Persion c) Geography

One of the selectmen supports the proposed change in traffic patterns for three reasons: (1) more customers would be attracted to the shopping ares, (2) the hospital zone would become quieter, and (3) fire engines would be able to move more quickly than they now can.

  1. Brackets are used for supplementary words:

i. There are man (apparent) difficulties.
ii. I sent him six thousand ninety-seven rupees (Rs.6097) by money order.
iii. I enclose six hundred rupees (Rs.600,000) to cover my share of the cost.

  1. Big brackets [ ] are used in providing some additional information. Such as,

The man walked in, and his sister (Finna) greeted him.

  1. Sometimes both big and smalls brackets are jointly used in a sentence.

[The firm does not provide enough facilities] (like medical treatment and cold drinks) to its workers.

Exercise:

  1. During a visit to the fortress at Louisburg a historic site in Nova Scotia we see dwellings inhabited in the 1700’s. During a visit to the fortress at Louisburg (a historic site in Nova Scotia) we ee dwellings inhabited in the 1700’s.
  2. A local philanthropist has given fifty thousand rupees Rs.50,000 to the trust. A local philanthropist has given fifty thousand rupees (Rs.50,000) to the trust.
  3. Historic Nantucket Island it was the site of a major whaling port in the nineteenth century attracts thousands of visitors every summer. Historic Nantucket Island (it was the site of a major whaling port) in the nineteenth century attracts thousands of visitors every summer.

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