‘Consonance’ is the repetition of same consonant sound in a line, phrase or a text. These alike sounds can appear anywhere in a word, but they usually appear at the end of a line. Here the readers will find the consonance examples. Here the users will find consonance examples and 10 examples of consonance in poetry
- 1 Origin
- 2 Definition
- 3 Alliteration Special Case of Consonance:
- 4 Importance of Consonance:
- 5 Consonance Examples:
- 6 Examples in Poetry:
- 6.1 “The Tyger” by (William Blake)
- 6.2 “Behind Me Dips Eternity” by (Emily Dickinson)
- 6.3 Out, Out by (Robert Frost)
- 6.4 Politics by William Butler Yeats
- 6.5 “Go And Catch a Falling Star” by (John Donne)
- 6.6 “The Good Morrow” by John Donne
- 6.7 “Daffodils” by Wordsworth
- 6.8 Casting and Gathering by Seamus Heaney
- 6.9 Sonnet 64 by William Shakespeare
- 6.10 “O Where Are You Going” by (W.H. Auden)
- 7 Difference between Alliteration & Consonance:
Originated from the Latin word ‘consonantia’. It was first known used in 15th century.
‘Consonance’ is the repetition of same consonant sound in a line, phrase or a text. These alike sounds can appear anywhere in a word, but they usually appear at the end of a line. In ‘consonance’ the vowel sound of two consonants is different, however the letters are same.
This device is frequently use by the writers to make the words impressive and interesting for the readers and they are able to memorize these words easily.
Alliteration Special Case of Consonance:
It is considered a special case of consonance, in which, the repeated consonant sound at the beginning of word is same. For example, Furrow followed free. Here the use of ‘f’ consonant in said three words is same.
Importance of Consonance:
‘Consonance’ is especially used in poetry or songs. The writers in their work employ this literary technique in order to create rhythmic effect and to better understand the listeners. Through this technique, the readers also feel comfortable to memorize the poem or song.
Following are common consonance examples.
- Slip: Slop
- Black: Block
- Oak: Yoke
- Hook: Crook
- Short: Sweet
- First: Last
- Discuss: Dismiss
- Sing: Song
- Bare: Tear
- Fair: Near
- Coming: Home
- Hot: Pot
- Care: Air
- Share: Shower
- Fat: Rat
- Bag: Tag
- Batch: Match
- Feel: Deal
- Tree: free
- Train: crane
Here the sound at the end of each word is same.
Examples in Poetry:
“The Tyger” by (William Blake)
“Tyger Tyger burning’ bright
In what distant deep’s or skie’s
And when thy heart began to beat
What dread hand? and what dread feet?
Blake’s poem is comprised on six quatrains rhymed couplet. The poet has beautifully described the natural truth by taking the example of tiger that every element or thing in a world will tell about its creator, so as in this case.
The ‘tiger’ at one time is a strikingly beautiful but on the other hand is considered as horrific. In the poem, the repetition of two consonants sound ‘r’ is same in the first line of the stanza while the second line shows the similar sound ‘t’ and ‘s’ and in the last two lines, the sound of letters ‘t’ and ‘d’ is same.
“Behind Me Dips Eternity” by (Emily Dickinson)
Behind me, dips eternity
Behind me, immortality
Myself, the term between
Death but the drift of Eastern Gray
Dissolving into Dawn away
Before the West begin
The concept of eternity and life after death has been vividly discussed in the poem. ‘Dickinson’ throughout the stanza emphasizes upon the concept that life is moving towards the death and soon the dawn of life will convert into darkness of death.
The poet has provoked her idea of immortality by using imagery and symbolism throughout this poem and how religion takes part in it. She considers the death as pleasure for the human because he after death can get rid of the life miseries. Here the above highlighted words show the use of same letters in the words having different meanings. .
Out, Out by (Robert Frost)
The buzz-saw snarled and rattle in the yard
And made dust and dropped stove-length sticks of wood,
Sweet-scented stuff when the breeze drew across it.
And from there those that lifted eyes could count
Here the use of same letters in the stanza shows the use of consonance. ‘Frost’ by giving the theme of tragedy makes his readers realize that death is humdrum fact of life. He shows the tragic moment of a boy who got injured in an accident and how his life comes to end. He while repeatedly using the words “buzz-saw”, ‘stove-length’, ‘sticks of wood’ enchantingly described the end of life of young boy whose hand got injured with a saw while cutting woods.
Politics by William Butler Yeats
“On Roman or on Russian”
Yeat’s uses consonance in this line and shows the politics of two different countries. He has also given concept of love that ‘love’ is superior to politics.
“Go And Catch a Falling Star” by (John Donne)
“Though at next door we might meet’’
The poem is the poet’s experience towards the world. He has considered all the beautiful woman as immorally corrupt. The above line also refers towards the concept that it is possible that the beautiful woman who meets you at one place, will meet you anywhere else. Here the ‘t’ sound is being repeated in the line.
“The Good Morrow” by John Donne
“Did, till we loved? Were we not weaned till then?
This is a love poem of ‘Donne’. The poet is so much absorb in the love of his lover that he asked her that were we love simply like childish? or we are in need of something more. The whole poem is about the love of two lovers and their praise for each other. In the poem, the sound of letter “d’’ has been repeatedly used as consonance.
“Daffodils” by Wordsworth
I wandered lonely as a cloud
‘Wordsworth’ is considered as the poet of nature. His praise of the nature is worth mentioning. Through this poem, he compares himself like the daffodils that are floating near the bank of river. The beauty of flowers tempts him. The free movement of the flowers encourages him and he also feels like a cloud in the sky who is wandering here and there like the daffodils are moving. Here the letters ‘l’ and ‘d’ are repeating which is example of consonance.
Casting and Gathering by Seamus Heaney
Years and years ago, these sounds took sides.
Seamus Heaney wrote this poem in blank verse and has used simple language. The poem is about the conflict of two major parties, ‘capitalists’ and ‘socialists’, however some critique considers that “Heaney” wrote this poem for his friend ‘Ted’Hughes’. Despite this, the composition of this poem using stylistic devices is praise worthy especially the use of consonance sound in shape of ‘s’ sound.
Sonnet 64 by William Shakespeare
Increasing store with loss and loss with store
In the above line, the repetition of the ‘s’ sound at the beginning of words, ‘store’ and ‘loss’ is example of consonance.
“O Where Are You Going” by (W.H. Auden)
O’ where are you going? said reader to rider
‘Auden’ wrote this poem in ballad form. The poem is about the fate of humans. Firstly the discussion of two characters is deciphered in the poem. The first fears the others about the hardships he may face in his path. In other words, what the humans face in their life has been discussed in this poem. The use of consonance in shape of letters, ‘o’ and ‘e’ is apparent in this line.
Difference between Alliteration & Consonance:
‘Alliteration’ is the repetition of first consonant sound in a multiple words. For example, ‘Sana sees the sea sight’ and ‘Feena find the food for farmers’.
‘Consonance’ involves the repetition of vowel sound not usually at the beginning but also in the middle or at the end of a word, line, phrase or test. For example, “My son is under the sun”.
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