Mood can be defined as the speaker’s attitude. A writer uses different modes in his writing to make it more impressive and expressive. In this article, definition for mood in literature along with mood as literary terms has been vividly discussed.
What is Mood?
In grammar, the mood is a form of speaker’s attitude. It is a state of mind. It is the conceptual image of the verb ‘he or she’ is using. Aspect is a range of meaning expressed by the verb form and tense is a verb form showing the time of action or state expressed by the verbs.
Mood is a set of verb forms and inflections, but is used to indicate the speaker’s attitude towards the abilities and possibilities of the behaviors and states expressed.
Kinds of Mood
There are three kinds of mood.
- Indicative Mood
- imperative Mood
- Subjunctive Mood
Verbs in the imperative mood give command or make request e.g. ‘stay with me’. ‘Let us play’.
Subjunctive mood verbs express, wish or make statements contrary to the fact. They express hypothetical or imaginary situations e.g. ‘I wish I were with you’. ‘I would be able to travel the world if I had a lot of money’. ‘The subjunctive contrasts with the indicative (which expresses matter of fact) and with the imperative (which expresses commands).
Examples in Sentences:
Indicative (a fact): Kim is going home.
Imperative (a command): Kim goes home.
Subjunctive (a wish): If only Kim would go home.
Some typical Subjunctive sentences are as under:
- I wish I were a bird.
- He drove as if he was mad.
- If only they would come.
- I wish that the meeting be adjourned.
We distinguish three uses of subjunctive:
a. In stock expression: Heaven help us!
b. To express a desire or intention: I suggest it be left alone.
c. To express a hypothesis about.
i. The future: I wish they would reconsider.
ii. The present: If only I am better at Mathematics.
iii. The past: It’s as if it had never happened.
The subjunctive mood is less important in English than in other languages, such as, ‘French and Spanish’. These languages are more subtle and discriminatory with hypothetical, suspicious or hopeful expressions. Many situations that require the subjunctive mood in other languages are met by using one of several auxiliary verbs in English.
The present tense of the subjunctive uses only the base form of the verb:
i. He demanded that his students use two-inch margins.
ii. She suggested that we be on time tomorrow.
The past tense of the subjunctive has the same forms as the indicative except for the verb to be, which uses ‘were’ regardless of the number of the subject:
i. If I were seven feet tall, I’d be a great basketball player.
ii. He wishes he were a better student.
iii. If you were rich, we wouldn’t be in this mess.
iv. If they were faster, we could have won that race.
Definition for Mood in Literature
Mood is a very important aspect of literature. It is the overall feeling you get when you read a certain piece. Mood can help convey the message of the writer or influence how you feel about what is being said. The mood in literature also can vary and help set the tone for that particular piece.
Mood in literature can be used to describe many different aspects of a work that bring about feelings in the reader. The characters, setting, and conflicts all alter the overall mood of a literary work. For example, if there is a dark character, then there will be an ominous feeling in the text. If a character has an optimistic attitude and sees the world as being full of hope, then his or her words will have an uplifting effect on the reader.
Mood in Literature Words:
Words that indicate mood in literature, such as fearful and apprehensive, are useful for helping you get into the mind of a character. The word “fearful” is defined as “marked by or showing fear,” while “apprehensive” is defined as “expecting or dreading something with concern”.
When you’re reading a novel, it helps to know how the characters feel about what’s going on. Let’s say you were reading about two characters who were talking about their current situation. You might be able to tell that one of the characters is apprehensive and fearful if there was an undercurrent of worry in what they were saying
Mood in Literary Terms
In literary terms, though, mood is generally used to describe a reflection of the author’s intent. When describing a work of art in this way, there are generally two main types of mood: dramatic and narrative. Dramatic mood is meant to evoke a certain feeling from an audience as they’re reading a book; narrative mood presents itself through description and action to conjure up thoughts and feelings in the reader.
Why are Mood used in Literature
The use of mood in literature has been very prominent in all forms of media; whether it be in books, movies, or music. Mood is the feeling that a reader or audience member has when a piece of writing is being viewed or heard. It can be used in order to convey information about the time period or location in which a story takes place. It can also be used to convey information about what another character feels at that moment. Mood can be conveyed by an author’s choice of words but can also be conveyed through painting a picture with his/her words.
“In the stillness of night, I often listened to the mystic sounds from the forest, and sometimes I discovered human voices among these sounds.”
“The sun was setting rapidly behind the hills on my right hand; the broad disk seemed to sink into a bed of fire.”
“It was a bright autumn morning, fresh and frosty; the leaves were just beginning to fall from the trees , and some of them floated on our water “
These are all examples of descriptions that help develop mood. In each quote above, we can get an idea of mood.
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