Literary Devices with Examples| Literary Devices of Poetry

Literary devices are the techniques used to create a literary work. They are used to create literary effects and to evoke a desired response from the reader. They are also used in all types of writing, from poetry to essays. They are also used in movies, television shows and commercials. In this article, readers will be able to read the complete detail of literary devices with examples.

List of Literary Devices with Examples:

Literary Devices of Poetry:

There are many different types of poetry and each one uses a unique form of literary device. Here is a list of some of the most common literary devices of poetry:


The repetition of consonants at the beginning of words, often creating words that begin with the same first letter (e.g., “snowflake, sled”). Alliteration can be used to create rhymes and rhythm in poetry or prose.

Snowflakes softly falling from the sky like white birds flying through the sky on wings made of feathers made of snowflakes flurrying in flight, floating down to earth gently landing on my face sending shivers down my spine making me want to sing out loud!.”


An allusion is an indirect reference to something familiar to the reader. Writers usually use allusions to connect their work with other famous works of literature, historical events or people who have become famous through their actions.


A comparison between two things that are not alike in most ways but have one thing in common.

The mountains were as a forest on fire” (Bible).


The repetition of vowel sounds within words that are close together.

Here we sit like birds in the wilderness” (Dickinson).


Repetition at the beginning of successive phrases or clauses.

For example:

  • We can do this work.
  • This work can be done easily.


The repetition of similar consonant sounds between two words, such as “de-cay” and “decay.”


This is an exaggeration that is used for emphasis or humor. For example, “I am so hungry I could eat a horse.” Hyperbole can also be used to make an understatement. For example, “He was so thin he could hide behind a piece of paper.”


This is when words sound like what they mean or represent sounds in nature or objects. For example, “The wind sang through the trees as it blew past me on my hike.”


This is when an object or animal is given human qualities or characteristics by using words like “he” and “she” instead of pronouns such as “it” or “they.” For example, “The sun smiled down upon us as we walked down the path together hand-in-hand in our new shoes that pinched.


Comparing two unlike things to show how they are similar. Example: “She was as strong as an ox.” (A metaphor is also known as a simile.)


A substitution of one word for another with which it is closely associated (ie., “The pen is mightier than the sword”).


A comparison between two unlike things using the words like or as. It shows that one thing is similar to another. Example: She was as pale as a ghost.

It is an explicit comparison between two things using “like” or “as.” For example: “She ran like the wind.” This means that she ran very fast and was difficult to catch up with. The word “like” implies that there are similarities between running fast and moving quickly through air currents created by moving objects such as wind gusts.


A symbol can be any object that represents something else, such as a rose representing love or water representing life. Symbols help us understand things that may not be easily understood by everyone else (for example, if you don’t know what it’s like to lose someone close to you).


Imagery is the use of words to create mental images that appeal to our five senses. Imagery is often used in poetry, where it helps poets describe things in ways that readers can see and feel. For example, an image of a beach might be described as “salty” or “cracked.” The salty beach would make us think about how it feels on our lips when we walk on it, while a broken one would make us think about how rough it feels underfoot.


Onomatopoeia is the use of words whose sounds imitate those things that they represent (like “boom” for an explosion). Onomatopoeia makes your poem more interesting through sound effects rather than boring descriptions.


Combining two contradictory ideas into one word or phrase (for example, living dead).


Repetition is also known as anaphora. This is where words or phrases are repeated throughout a poem for emphasis or rhythmical effect. Here is an example by Emily Dickinson: “After great pain”


A technique that criticizes society in general through humor, irony and exaggeration. Example: Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels uses satire to portray the absurdities of society and politics.

More to read:

What is an Enjambment? (Examples) – unique guide
Use of Articles| Types, Examples & Exercises – comprehensive guide
60 Examples of Simile – ultimate guide
Prepositional Phrase (Definition & Examples) – ultimate guide
Homophones (Meanings with 100+ Examples) – ultimate guide