Noun Definition (Types & Examples) bonus guide

Learn noun definition, types of noun and examples. Students can also learn full noun description with examples. Useful for the students of 10th and inter and for teachers.

What is Noun:

The structure of the sentence is incomplete without the insertion of a noun. A noun is used in both singular or plural forms in a sentence and it decides the noun that which helping verb or article is used in a sentence. The selection of a noun is an easy task in a sentence but sometimes it becomes complicated when the plural form of a noun is used. Let’s start with the noun definition.

Noun Definition:

The noun definition can best described by taking the idea of any material or immaterial thing in the mind. Noun is a naming word. Many writers have written noun definition in their own words. Here the easy and brief noun definition is discussed as under..

The word ‘noun’ means name. It stands for the name of people, place, animal, things, feelings, and emotions. In a sentence, the noun gives information about the thing, place, or person to whom the action has been referred.

After discussing noun definition, let’s move towards the noun examples and their use in sentences.

Noun Examples & use in sentences:

Noun example of names:

The noun includes the name of a person. It usually comes in a singular form.

  • The President
  • My mom
  • A man
  • Donald Trump

Use in sentences:

  • The President of this country is a nobleman.
  • My mom cooks food.
  • A man is sitting there.
  • Donald Trump was the president of America.

Noun example of places:

The noun includes the name of a place.

  • London
  • River
  • Park
  • Ground
  • U.K.

Use in sentences:

  • My parents live in London.
  • We are sitting near the bank of the river.
  • The children are playing on the ground.
  • I will go to attend the meeting in the U.K.

Noun example of things:

In this type, the name of a thing is used as a noun.

  • Chair
  • glass
  • book

Use in sentences:

  • He is sitting on a chair.
  • John is reading a storybook.
  • He is drinking water in a glass.

Number of Nouns:

As earlier discussed in noun definition that it can be the name of physical or abstract thing. Nouns have different forms to show whether they mean one object or more than one object. Nouns that stand for only one object are said to be in the singular number, nouns that stand for more than one object are said to be in the plural number.

There are several ways of changing nouns in the singular into nouns in the plural number.

Rule-1:   The usual way is by adding ‘s’ to the singular:

                Flower: Flowers, Girl: Girls

Rule-2:    Adding ‘es’ by the noun words.

                 Church: Churches, dish: dishes

Rule-3:    Words ending on the letter ‘y’ are changed to the letter ‘I’ in noun words.

                 Baby: Babies, Army: Armies

Rule-4:   Words ending ‘o’ letter are made plural by adding ‘es’

                Hero: Heroes, negro: negroes

Gender of Nouns:

The nouns which denote males are said to be in the masculine gender; those denoting females are in the feminine gender.

Masculine:      girl, cock, father, king

Feminine:        woman, hen, mother, queen

Some words are neither masculine nor feminine. They are in the Neuter gender:

Neuter gender: child, friend, pupil. These nouns words are also called common gender.

Nouns that denote females are formed from nouns that denote males in the following ways:

  1. By adding ess: author: authoress, jew: Jewess, poet: poetess
  2. By adding ess after dropping the last vowel: director, directress; hunter: huntress.
  1. By placing a word before or after: he-goat, she-goat, grand-father: grand-mother.

Noun in Apposition:

The noun that follows another noun to describe it, it is said to be in apposition to the noun it described:

Example: “Sylvia Plath, the great poet, died in London”. Here the noun poet is in apposition to ‘Sylvia Plath’ and is in the same case as the noun Sylvia Plath i.e. nominative case.

Types of Nouns:

Nouns are divided into nine following categories:

  1. Concrete Nouns
  2. Abstract Nouns
  3. Common Nouns
  4. Proper Nouns
  5. Countable Nouns
  6. Uncountable Nouns
  7. Collective Nouns
  8. Material Nouns
  9. Compound Nouns
  1. Concrete Nouns: The nouns which are included in physical things that you can touch. For example, women, sugar, dog, bus, furniture, board.

Example in sentences:

  • Have you met Shina?
  • Have you seen my cat?
  • The lions are standing there.
  • Do you have sugar?
  • This furniture is mine.
  • Abstract Nouns: ‘Abstract Nouns’ denote some quality, state, or idea, which we cannot be seen, touched, heard, smelt, or tasted and which are thought of part from any object of sense. For example, honesty, poverty, hardships, thought, pleasure, truth, bravery, hatred. Names of sciences as, physics, chemistry, biology are also abstract nouns.

Example in sentences:

  • Everyone loves him for his honesty.
  • One can lead a happy life even in poverty.
  • His life is full of hardships.
  • Do you have the patience to wait for the result?
  • My grandmother possesses many virtues.
  • Common Nouns: These nouns are names that can be used for any number of persons, places, or things of the same kind. For example, teacher, car, bus, man, girl.

Example in sentences:

  • I saw a man in the storeroom.
  • Do you have a jeep?
  • The teacher works day and night to earn a livelihood.
  • The bus is standing there.
  • The teacher is teaching in the class.
  • Proper Nouns: Proper nouns are the names of a particular person, place, or thing. For example, Columbus, Newton, Pen, Book, London, Bing, etc. These nouns always begin with a capital letter.

Example in sentences:

  • Newton invented calculus.
  • I am going to Australia this week.
  • The boy over there is Jessy.
  • Today is Sunday.
  • We celebrated her birthday in April.
  • Countable Nouns: The nouns that you can be counted are called countable nouns. We can use numbers and the articles ‘a or an’ etc with the countable nouns. For example, a book, a boy, three boys, three books.

Example in sentences:

  • There are thirty-seven students in the class.
  • A pencil is laying on the table.
  • A boy is swimming in the canal.
  • There are four pencils in my bag.
  • I have three footballs.
  • Uncountable Nouns: The nouns that we cannot count are called uncountable nouns. ‘Uncountable nouns” include water, meat, cheese, etc. These nouns have no plural and they are not used with a, an, or words which have a singular or plural meaning (another, these, many, two).

Examples in sentences:

  • Where can we put all the furniture?
  • Does she need some information?
  • Would you like some bread?
  • There was only a little bread left.
  • There is little milk in the glass.
  • Collective Nouns: These are nouns that include the name of persons, numbers, or things which take together and speak of as one whole. For example, police, crowd, jury, class, committee.

Note:  Some Nouns, such as crowd, regiment, fleet, herd stand for a group of persons or things regarded as forming a whole. These nouns take a singular verb if we are thinking of the group as a whole acting together as one, but if we are thinking of the individuals which compose the group acting separately we use a plural verb.

Example in sentences:

  • The crowd was very big.
  • Our class was planning a tour to visit the University of  London.
  • The police were searching for the culprit.
  • The fleet was dispersed by a storm.
  • The committee thought that the official should be dismissed.
  • Material Nouns: These are nouns that denote the matter of the substance of which things are made. For example, Gold, Silver, Milk, Wheat, Meat, Wood, Iron, Plastic, Cotton, Copper, etc.

Example in sentences:

  • This chair is made of wood.
  • The door is made of iron.
  • The bracelet is made of Gold.
  • I saw a heap of stones on the road.
  • That wall is made of stone.
  • Compound Nouns: Nouns that are made with the combination of two words are called compound nouns. For example, football (football) bus stop (bus stop).

Example in sentences:   

  • Have you ever seen a sunrise?
  • My brother-in-law is waiting for me in the garden.
  • Do you play football?
  • He was waiting at the bus stop.

Nouns Questions & Answers:

Q:         What is noun definition?

Ans: The noun definition is that, it is the name of a person, thing, place, idea, feeling or emotion.

Q: Discuss noun definition with examples.

Ans. As earlier discussed, noun is the name of thing, place etc. Noun examples are john, cow, house, london etc.

Q: How many types of a noun are there in English?

Ans.       There are commonly eight types of a noun in English. i. concrete noun, ii. common noun, iii. proper noun, iv. abstract noun, v. vi. compound noun, vii. complex noun, vii. collective noun, viii. countable noun, ix. uncountable noun.

Q.           How many Genders of a noun are there in English?

Ans.       There are three kinds of genders noun in English. i. Masculine, ii. Feminine, iii.Neuter gender.

Q.           What is a noun in apposition?

Ans.       A noun is in apposition when it describes the other noun in a sentence. For example, “Newton, the great scientist, invented calculus”. 

Q:           What are the plural nouns of ‘church and ‘woman’?

Ans.       The plural noun of the church is churches and woman is women.

Q:           Use the word ‘beautiful’ in a sentence and tell its description of the noun?

Ans.       The word ‘beautiful’ is an abstract noun. We can use it in a sentence as “she is a beautiful girl”.

Q:           Underline& bold the nouns in the following sentences:

  • Sophia likes apples and mangoes.
  • He became champion in 1982.
  • I met an old friend at the railway station.
  • Fortune favors brave men.
  • She bought a book and a pen.                                      
  • Happiness is a great blessing.  

Further Reading:

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