Rules of paragraph writing

Paragraph writing is an art. Paragraph are the building blocks of paper which are used in writing. They create vivid affect in your piece of writing.

Paragraph Writing:

Paragraphs are the building blocks of paper. Many students define a paragraph as a group of at least five sentences, a half-page lengthy paragraph, and so on. In reality, the unity and consistency of thoughts across sentences define a paragraph.

A paragraph is described as “a unit consisting of a group of sentences or a single sentence” The length and appearance of a part in a publication do not define if it is a journalistic style; a paragraph can be as short as one phrase.

A paragraph is, in the end, a statement or a set of sentences that support one central concept. It would help if you first decided on a working thesis for your article before you can begin determining the composition of individual paragraphs. A working thesis is similar to a seed from which an organic one grows—a natural growth from a seed to a full-fledged paper with direct, familial links between all the concepts.

Deciding what to include in your paragraphs begins with the growth of a seed of thoughts: brainstorming. There are many brainstorming techniques; regardless of the one you use, you must finish this step of paragraph development.

Building paragraphs is a lot like building a skyscraper; you need a solid foundation to support what you’re doing. Any foundation fractures, inconsistencies, or other corruptions can lead your entire paper to disintegrate. So, let’s say you’ve done some brainstorming to come up with a thesis. What else should you think about as you start writing paragraphs?

Let’s start with paragraph writing. Following are the types of paragraph writing.

Types of Paragraph:


Characters, a setting, a conflict, and a resolution are all common elements of narration. In most cases, the date, time, and location, as well as the identity of the person, are determined. In this paragraph, the “story” components are; a protagonist (Hanson), a setting (the park), a goal, an obstacle, a climax, and a resolution.


An exposition is a type of writing that explains something. The exposition might take the form of a brief description or narration, or it can take the form of the entire article.


The description isn’t about what you observed but rather what readers need to see to imagine the scene, person, or thing. It would help if you recorded a series of specific observations as part of the description. Make sure you’re making accurate observations. The distance between what a reader can envision and what you saw and documented determines the success of a description; from that gap, a spark of connection emerges.


There is a helpful technique for writing a comparison. If you follow it, your comparisons will benefit. Before writing a comparison, draw up a chart and fill it in to make sure you have all the elements necessary to write a comparison.

Process Analysis:

In describing how a process happens or how to perform a series of actions, always think of your readers: can they follow this? Analyze the process in a series of steps. Put the steps into a sequence. Then isolate the steps: number, use bullets, and put them in separate paragraphs. Use illustrations keyed to the steps when appropriate; people can often read diagrams better than they can read lists of steps.


This paragraph is a small example of the writing used widely in editorials and columns, and it uses a direct, ex-hortatory approach: Believe Me and Do it! This persuasive paragraph also ends this little article and brings a sense of closure in the form of, OK, now get ready for the work.

Every paragraph in a paper should be:

i. Unified: The sentences in one paragraph should all be connected to a single motive notion (often expressed in the topic sentence of the paragraph)

ii. Related to the thesis: The sentences should all refer to the paper’s main topic or thesis.

iii. Coherent: The phrases should be rationally organized and follow a specific development pattern.

iv. Well developed: Every thought mentioned in the paragraph should be thoroughly described and supported by evidence and facts that work together to clarify the dominating idea of the paragraph.

A paragraph can be organized in a variety of ways. The primary idea of the paragraph will dictate the organization you use. The following are a few options for organizing.

a. Narration: Tell a story. Go chronologically, from start to finish.

b. Description: Provide specific details about what something looks, smells, tastes, sounds, or feels like. Organize by location, appearance, or by topic.

c. Process: Explain how something works, step by step. Perhaps follow a sequence—first, second, third.

d. Classification: Separate into groups or explain the various parts of a topic.

e. Illustration: Give examples and explain how those examples prove your point.

Parts of a Paragraph:

In paragraph writing, the paragraph is divided into three major parts:

  1. Topic Sentence:
  2. It summarizes the paragraph’s primary point. It not only names the paragraph’s topic but also narrows it down to one or two areas that can be fully explored in a single paragraph. The dominating idea is the name of the specific location. A paragraph’s topic sentence can be the first or last sentence.
  3. Supporting Sentence:
  4. The sentences help to develop the topic sentences. They add arguments, examples, facts, figures, and quotations to clarify the topic sentences.
  5. Concluding Sentence:
  6. The ending sentence marks the end of the paragraph and provides essential information for the reader to remember.

5-Steps of process in Paragraph Writing:

  1. Let’s take a look at a 5-step procedure for creating a paragraph. Each process step will have an explanation and some model text to demonstrate how it works. To prove its thesis, the model paragraph illustrates (examples).

Step 1. Decide on the main idea and create a topic sentence

Forming the main idea is the first step in developing a paragraph. The idea guides the paragraph’s growth. The controlling notion of a paragraph is frequently expressed as a topic sentence. In some circumstances, more than one sentence is required to express the main idea of a paragraph.

Step 2: Explain the main idea:

The writer’s rationale or explanation for how the reader should understand the information offered in the paragraph’s concept statement or topic sentence continues the paragraph’s development. The writer expresses their thoughts on the paragraph’s central topic, theme, or focus.

Step 3: Give an example (or multiple examples)

The statement of some support or evidence for the notion and the explanation that came before it moves the paragraph forward. The example acts as a symbol or representation of the relationship established in the paragraph’s idea and explanation sections.

Step 4. Explain the examples.

The following step in paragraph creation is to explain each example and how it relates to the topic phrase and rationale presented at the start of the paragraph. This explanation explains why you selected to utilize this/these specific instances as evidence to support your paragraph’s central assertion or focus.

Please continue to give instances and explain to them until the writer has stated and explained all of the points/examples that they consider necessary. There should be no unanswered questions in any of your examples. In the same sentence that introduced the example, you might be able to illustrate the relationship between the instances and the topic sentence. More often than not, however, you’ll need to clarify the relationship in its sentence.

Step 5.Complete the paragraph’s idea or transition into the next paragraph

The final step in paragraph development entails tying up loose ends and reminding the reader of the importance of the material in this paragraph to the paper’s central or dominating concept.

You can remind your reader of the importance of the material you just discussed in the paragraph at this point. However, you could feel better at ease just shifting your reader to the subsequent development in the following paragraph.

Summary Paragraph in Paragraph Writing:

A summary paragraph tells the essential portions of an article’s story.

Writing a summary isn’t about copying a line from the book; instead, it’s about extracting the most relevant information utilizing the five W questions:

  • Who?
  • What?
  • When?
  • Where?
  • Why?

The information gathered in this manner should be described in the examined language. The resulting paragraph should represent the proper order of thinking and writing style.

Structure of the paragraph can be explained through this figure:

In paragraph writing, structure of the paragraph can be explained through this figure:

Topic Sentence
(Having Main Theme)
Supporting Sentences ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ——————————————————————————— ———————————————————————————
Concluding Sentence
(Summing up and emphasizing the main theme)

Some topics for paragraph writing:

• A walking tour
• Silence is golden
• The Friendship of Books
• A moonlight night
• An angry mob
• A rainy day
• A busy city street
• My pet

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