Paraphrasing is a repetition of a passage that expresses the original meaning in different ways in order to present it more clearly and completely.
- 1 What is Paraphrasing?
- 2 Purpose of Paraphrasing:
- 3 Test of good paraphrasing:
- 4 How Paraphrasing is helpful to People:
- 5 Method of Paraphrasing
- 6 Kinds of Paraphrasing
- 7 How Paraphrasing is useful?
- 8 Paraphrasing in Poetry
- 9 Simplicity in Paraphrasing:
- 10 Examples of Paraphrasing:
- 11 Characteristics of a Good Paraphrase:
- 12 Quick Tips for Paraphrasing:
What is Paraphrasing?
A repetition of a passage that expresses the original meaning in different ways in order to present it more clearly and completely. The aim of a passage is to freely express the meaning of the passage in order to make it clearer and simpler.
In other words, the passage is to express its meaning in a language different from the original language. In other words, new ideas aren’t introduced or existing ideas aren’t omitted.
Purpose of Paraphrasing:
Paraphrasing means intercepting. The purpose of the paraphrase is to express the meaning of the passage in an unequivocal way. It does not mean a detailed explanation or summary.
The purpose of the paraphrase is to express the meaning of the passage with maximum clarity and simplicity. It’s not just about replacing one word with another. The aim of paraphrasing is to help someone who doesn’t understand the passage or to prove that you understand it yourself.
Test of good paraphrasing:
The test of the good paraphrasing is:
i) Contains all the original ideas without adding new ones.
ii) No difficult or influenced texts are used.
iii) It is completely obvious to the amateur.
iv) Written in a modern style for your own use, but captures the spirit of the original.
How Paraphrasing is helpful to People:
Effective paraphrasing is a hard but very profitable task. Every instructor explains something to youngsters, each person who has to pass on expert knowledge should be capable of paraphrasing orally or in writing.
Many commercial writers and newshounds earn their reside via way of means of paraphrasing technical subjects for the overall public. A wide variety of famous periodicals exist nearly completely to paraphrase or popularize the common reader findings set forth in the highly specialized technical publications.
Method of Paraphrasing
The reader’s main task is to read the entire passage carefully and understand the central idea. To do this, you may need to read the passage several times with due care. Don’t rush to write until you’re sure you understand the ideas contained in the passage.
The more clarified the passage, the more words come to mind, and the more fashionable and suspicious individual words and phrases you can change. Replace the words with your own, while preserving the original spirit. Finally, if necessary, prepare a fair copy.
Kinds of Paraphrasing
There are different types of paraphrases. We usually use it to understand this term, to translate poetry into prose, or to translate difficult parts of prose into an easier language. This is an expression of the meaning of a passage written in another idiom or style with its natural idiom or style.
How Paraphrasing is useful?
It is a valuable exercise that gives training to students in a clearer and more systematic understanding of literary language and equipment. It enriches the vocabulary and leads to simple and accurate idiomatic expressions.
As a constructive exercise, paraphrasing is a great way to train your mind to focus on what you are reading and therefore to read intelligently. It is impossible to paraphrase a passage without fully understanding its meaning.
It’s great training in the art of expressing what one wants to say easily, clearly, and directly.
Paraphrasing in Poetry
Poetic thoughts are generally more compressed than prose and may require a bit of paraphrasing to get the full power of hints, references, or images. You should be able to show that you understand their meaning.
From time to time, if repetition or diffusion enhances the poetic effect, the original may need to be condensed to match something in the verse.
Simplicity in Paraphrasing:
The essence of language simplicity is the directness and economics of words. Choose words carefully and clarify their meaning, but if one word has the desired effect, do not use two. Also, try to maintain the original spirit, its general style, solemn, sad, lively, or humorous as much as possible.
The original text has direct speech text, you should also use direct speech in a paraphrase. In most cases, simple expressions tend to be more effective as they are, so don’t paraphrase them. Doing this can produce ridiculous or humorous effects.
Examples of Paraphrasing:
Here are some examples of paraphrasing:
Original: Those who live in glass houses should not throw stones.
Paraphrase: Those who live in glass houses ought to not toss stones.
Original: If you have any weakness of your own you should be careful how you find fault with others.
Paraphrase: If you have weaknesses, you need to be careful to find the weaknesses of others.
Original: William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-on-Avon in April (probably April 23), 1564. His father was a citizen of some prominence who became an alderman and bailiff, but who later suffered financial reverses.
Shakespeare presumably attended the Stratford grammar school, where he could have acquired a respectable knowledge of Latin, but he did not proceed to Oxford or Cambridge. There are legends about Shakespeare’s youth but no documented facts.
Paraphrase: William Shakespeare was born in Stratford Avon on 23rd April 1564. His father was a respected citizen, a counselor, and a court councilor, but later suffered financial setbacks.
Shakespeare probably attended Stratford-upon-Grammar School, where he gained a good knowledge of Latin, but he did not go to Oxford or Cambridge. There is a legend about Shakespeare’s youth, but no documented facts.
Original: Around the world, dogs keep us company and protect us, but this precious relationship is under threat. Every year, 10 million dogs are poisoned, stoned, and electrocuted to death, in an attempt to stop the spread of rabies, which kills 59,000 people each year. This is not a humane or responsible way to manage dog populations. The best way to protect dogs and people is to vaccinate them.
Paraphrase: In the world, dogs are associated with us and protect us, but their precious relationships are at risk. To stop the spread of rabies, 10 million dogs are poisoned, intoxicated, and electrocuted and 59,000 die each year.
This is not a humane or responsible method for managing dog populations. The best protection for dogs and humans is to get them vaccinated.
Characteristics of a Good Paraphrase:
A passage written in a very terse or compressed style has to be expanded in paraphrasing. Paraphrasing differs from summarizing or précis-writing since a paraphrase must reproduce not only the substance or general meaning but also the details of a passage.
Quick Tips for Paraphrasing:
i. Read the original over and over until you have a clear understanding of the meaning and meaning of the passage. In other words, it takes time. You can’t hurry.
ii. Make a rough summary of the passage markings for the main and secondary ideas.
iii. Feel free to express your thought sketches in your own words, with a few original phrases and sentences as possible.
iv. Try to maximize the power of idioms (if any) and poetic language.
v. Please do not post ideas that are not originally expressed or implied.
vi. If the original is very condensed, you can present your thoughts in a way that clarifies the idea.
vii. Avoid any kind of reference to the author of that passage, even if you know who it is.
viii. Passages need to be paraphrased as a whole.
ix. Please avoid comments and criticisms of the original.
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