The word “precis” comes from a The word “precis” comes from a French word “precise”. A logical summary of a passage in compact mode. Here the precis writing with examples has been discussed.
SUMMARIZING/ PRECIS WRITING:
The accurate and precise summary are three written strategies that help you understand what you read. Every three people ask you to put in your own words the information you are reading.
A summary only reaffirms the principal ideas of the author, omitting the examples and evidence that support and illustrate them. The function of a summary is the efficiency, concise formulation and focus of a relatively large quantity of material. Put the theory, key arguments and conclusion of the original in your own words. The author’s significance and opinion have been retained in both the paraphrase and the summary. Nevertheless, the summary does not include examples and illustrative passage elements. Since everything from a long narrative passage of an essay to a chapter in an essay to the whole book can be encapsulated by it, summaries can be extremely useful.
The summary is how we take a wider selection of text and reduce it to its very core: the spirit, the key ideas and the key points to note and remember. Webster summarizes the “correct idea”: distilling, condensing and reducing a larger piece to its primary notions. What do we do if we sum up. The extra verbiage and foreign examples are removed. We concentrate on the core issue. We try to find key words and sentences that still capture the essence of what we read when we speak later. The main ideas and important details that we try to support them are captured.
How to Summarize:
• Read the article. Read the article.
• The article is re-read.
• Underline the significant ideas.
• Circle the key terms
• Search for the article’s main point.
• Divide the article into sections or thought stages and marginalise every section or phase.
• If the article is short, note the principal idea of each paragraph.
• Write a brief summary of each phase of thinking or of each paragraph, if applicable.
• Write the article’s main point.
• Use words of your own.
• Write the summary’s rough draft.
• Combine information in paragraphs from the first four steps.
• In the summary, only the information your readers need should be included.
• First state the key point.
• Use a less technique than the authors of the original use of the
• Don’t write your readers a summary they can’t understand.
• Make the summary clear to anyone who did not read the original article.
• You should keep your summary alone.
• Write a summary instead of a contents table.
• Add your own ideas to new data and note them.
PRECIS WRITING WITH EXAMPLES:
The word “precis” comes from a French word meaning “precise” or “exact” A clear logical summary of a passage is a precise and compact. Only important or essential ideas of the original are preserved. It’s like an abbreviation in your history study.
The Precis is a sort of summary which insists that the logic, organisation and emphasis of original texts are accurately reproduced. It is especially useful in situations where the relative order, proportions and relationships of the original parts of a text are specified. An effective specification maintains in much shorter length passages the logic, development and argument of the original that require careful consideration of the logic and organisation.
Goals of the Precis:
- Compress and explain a long passage, article or book, while preserving key concepts, keywords and important information.
- Remove that which is superfluous and retain its fundamental essence.
- Provide the key terms with a brief description.
- Give a short description of methodology-an idea of the researchers’ general approach.
- State the purpose of the research or the writing piece (why was this research important to conduct or write about?)
- When finished, the précis should clearly state: this is what was studied (argued, discussed); this is how it was done (this was the focus), this is what was learned and this is what it means (why it is important). In order to accomplish this goal, it helps to follow steps as under:
i. Read the whole passage attentively.
ii. Begin to recognize the author’s tone and viewpoint.
iii. Re-read the passage several times if necessary for clear comprehension (understanding) of ideas.
iv. Note and disregard parts of the author’s work that are introductory.
v. Underline key phrases, make notes in the margin.
vi. Observe the emphasis of approach used by the author develop with the use of supporting facts and examples.
vii. Once finished, the precision should be clear: that’s what has been studied (argues, discusses), that’s how it was done (This is what was focused) (why it is important). It helps follow steps as follows to achieve this goal.
viii. Carefully read the entire passage.
ix. Start acknowledging the tone and perspective of the author.
x. To clearly understand (understand), read the passage several times.
xi. Note and ignore the introductory parts of the author’s work.
xii. Substrate key sentences, make margin notes.
A. Using accurate reading enhances the ability. It teaches you to read both with your mind and your eyes.
B. Precis is also an excellent written exercise. It teaches us to clearly, concise and effective express one’s thoughts. The precise techniques are evident hereby:
i. The title of the newspaper.
ii. Opening newspaper history paragraphs, lectures, notes, and much more.
iii. In practical life, precise writing is very important. It teaches us to speak in a couple of words to save time and space.
Essential of a good précis:
A Good précis:
i. Should convey the leading thought of the passage.
ii. Should be a continuous and compact piece of prose.
iii. Should be clear
iv. Should be precise.
v. Should not be sketchy.
Avoid the following:
i. Avoid comments of your own and others.
ii. Avoid boring phrase, sentences for the original.
iii. Avoid exceeding the prescribed length.
iv. There is no room in a précis for colloquial expression, rhetorical flowness, examples, side remarks, similes, metaphors, that any statement that has been repeated.
To Write an effective Precis:
- Read the passage for complete comprehension several times.
- Key points note. 2. It could actually be useful to emphasise these words.
- In one or two sentences, retake each paragraph. Combine them in your restatement in cases where there are very short paragraphs.
- Make sure you keep the specific order of the original points and add one or more smooth paragraphs of the sentences.
- Check your specification against the original in order to ensure that it is exact and that the order and relations of the original are retained.
- The first draught should be written and then verified that the main ideas contained in this passage are included.
- Check the draft for expression errors, repetition or vague phrasing; then write a smoother final version.
The length of the original passage should be reduced by at least one third. It is necessary to keep every important idea in the order it appears, preferably in the original. A brief summary is a precise one. Only the heart of a passage is given by a specific. A specific is written in the words and not in the words of the original selection of the person who writes it. The author whose work is summarized is a detail written from the point of view.
Read the following paragraph two or three times and make précis of it.
“The first thing the critical minority is stricken to do as it takes the entire cultural picture, is that our country is a nation of new-rich people, well washed, dressed and dressed for; a nation that is persuaded, uniform, furious, and costly to appeal to hate and vanity that a multitude of material commodities will make life worthy of themselves. Because we are newly wealthy, we have overvalue. Almost every person that makes a lot of money very quickly assumes that mere possession of wealth is a proof of value. He can also imagine he can buy happiness with his means. The old rich person, who was born in poverty whose father and mother were born with it, usually thinks these mistakes folly. One such person knows that it’s not a sign that they value it just because he or his friends have it, but quite often the opposite. He’s got precious things. Bliss that’s what everyone wants can’t be bought; it’s an illusion not to be sold. The ancient rich know this well, but the new rich seldom find it until they have become accustomed to possessions. So the company seems out. For the sordid nonsense, we assume, almost without question and in all classes, that externalities have ennobled owners, that a full fist invariably points to a fine spirit”.
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