A sentence is a combination of subject and predicate. The first part of the sentence is the subject, and the remaining is the predicate. Usually people ask question that why sentence structure is important? In this article, we will discuss in detail.

Sentence Structure in English

A sentence is a combination of subject and predicate. The first part of the sentence is the subject, and the remaining is the predicate. Usually people ask question sentence structure in English? In this article, we will discuss in detail.

What is a Sentence?

A sentence gives us information about two things. First, ‘who or which’ did or said something. It is called subject. Second, what is said or done, when, where, and how. It is called a predicate.

Why Sentence Structure is important?

Sentence structure is vital for several reasons. The first is that it helps establish the tone of the writing and can make reading more enjoyable, while poor sentence structure can ruin the experience. When sentences are structured well, they add meaning, smooth out the reading process, and allow the reader to follow better the logic of what is being said. Poor sentence structure creates confusion and awkwardness in writing, which makes it harder for readers to follow along.

Sentences With Structure

The table below divides a simple sentence into two parts, subject, and predicate. The sentences with the structure are given below.

SubjectPredicate  
My friendis sad.
Weelected him General Manager.
ChildrenPlayed.
Youare looking beautiful.
The all family membersare going to attend party.
Shameelais a nice lady.
The General Manager of this companyis a generous person.
John and Jimare good friends.

Take a glance at the subject column. ‘My friend,’ ‘we,’ ‘children,’ ‘John and Jim’ are subjects in the sentences, and these words develop the sense of who and which. Similarly, the next column, ‘predicate,’ creates the situation of how things are being done.

After discussing the sentences with structure, let’s move to the classification.

Noun Group and Verb Group

  1. A noun group may consist of one word i.e. boys, and several words. For example, A big angry man.
  2. A noun group can be both the subject and object in a sentence. For example: “My brother likes grapes”. In this sentence, the word ‘My brother’ is a subject and ‘grapes’ is the object.
  3. A noun group may consist of a noun, an adjective (or adjectives) and articles in the following order:

First, article
Then, Adjective
Finally, Noun

For example, in the noun group “a gentleman,” the article ‘a comes in the beginning, then the adjective pretty, and at the end, the noun flower.

Similarly, in the sentence, “A beautiful rose,” the article ‘a’ has is used in the beginning, and after that, the adjective beautiful comes. Then rose is used as a noun at the end.

Sometimes two nouns are used in one noun group. For example, in ‘soap factory,’ both soap and factory are nouns. Other noun group words are as under:

  • Shoe shop
  • Ice factory
  • Car showroom
  • Bird’s nest.
  • Men saloon

Verb Groups

A verb group in a sentence tells us about the action, the experience of feeling, such as: laughed, is eating, might have been playing.

  • A verb group must have a main verb, e.g., in the verb group is playing, playing is the main verb.
  • A verb group may also have auxiliaries, e.g., in the verb group have played, have played, have is an auxiliary.
    A verb group may have more than one auxiliaries: in the verb group has been playing both ‘has’ and ‘been’ are auxiliaries.
  • Auxiliaries come in front of the main verbs.
  • The verb group is usually placed immediately after the subject.
  • A verb can have a model before it.

For example:

In the sentence, He must have eaten; ‘must’ is a model which is put before the auxiliary ‘have’. Both ‘must’ and ‘have’ are placed before the main verb ‘gone’.
Some verb groups have an object or more than one objects after them.

For example:

i) He is reading a newspaper.
ii) He taught him a lesson.

After ‘be’ forms we use a complement.
For example:
i) She is happy.
ii) She is a teacher.

Some verb groups have adverbials after them. For example: She is playing in the lawn.

Types of Sentences with Structure

There are different types of sentences in English with structure.

The main types are:

  • Declarative Sentences (Statement)
  • Interrogative Sentences (Question)
  • Imperative Sentences (Directive)
  • Exclamatory Sentences (Exclamation)

Declarative Sentences (Statement)

Declarative sentences are the most typical type of sentence and are often used at the beginning of paragraphs to express the topic of discussion. They can also be used in the middle or at the end of a paragraph to make a point. Declarative sentences are frequently used in newspaper articles and other types of writing where quick facts must be presented or when the writer wishes to express his or her opinion on a subject.

Interrogative Sentences (Question)

Interrogative sentences are used to ask questions. They are also used in speech to express doubt, or to make statements that have the same effect as questions. They can have a full subject and object, just like declarative sentences, but more commonly they have only one element, which is the subject.

Imperative Sentences (Directive)

An imperative sentence is a sentence that gives orders. We use imperative sentences in our everyday conversations. Imperative sentences are used in the first person and second person to give orders or instructions, such as “Get out of here.” Imperative sentences can be used with the pronoun you followed by a verb, as in “You eat too much.”

Exclamatory Sentences (Exclamation)

An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses strong feelings of emotion. It begins with an exclamation word (such as “Wow!” or “Wow!”) and ends with a period.

Exclamatory sentences are usually used in conversation to express surprise, joy, sadness, anger, and other strong emotions. They are also used in essays to add excitement and interest to the writing

Examples for Simple Compound Complex Sentences

Sentences in English can also be categorized into several types. There are simple sentences, compound sentences and complex sentences:

  • Simple Sentence
  • Compound Sentence
  • Complex Sentence

Simple Sentence:

A simple sentence has only one main verb. It consists of a subject and a predicate joined together by a linking verb. This type of sentence conveys what is happening in one sentence. The simple sentence usually uses the present tense and the active voice. The subject of the simple sentence can be a person, place or thing

For example:

  • Children play.
  • John eats.

Compound Sentences:

Compound sentences are made up of two independent clauses, which means that they have a subject and a verb, and they can stand alone as complete sentences. The most commonly used coordinating conjunction to join two independent clauses is “and.”.
For example:

  1. Jeena went to the market and bought mangoes.

Complex Sentence:

A complex sentence has a main clause and one or more subordinate clauses. The subordinate clause can be further divided into two types: restrictive and non-restrictive clauses. A restrictive clause is essential to the meaning of the sentence, and is therefore not set off by commas. A non-restrictive clause adds additional information, but can be omitted without altering the meaning of the sentence.

For example:

“I know where he lives”.

In this sentence, ‘I know’ is the main clause and ‘where he lives’ is the subordinate clause.

Rules for Sentence structure

Simple Sentences with Structure:

The basic structure of a simple sentence is like this:

Subject ———- Verb

For example:
He played

Subject Verb

Some verbs take an object also: for example:

He Writes a letter.
S V O

Some simple sentences include an adverb or adverbial.

For example:

He eats quickly.
S V Adverb

Some simple sentences include both an object and an adverb.

For example:

John gave me a pen yesterday.
S V O O A

In some simple sentences an adjective is used after the verb.

For example:

She is beautiful.

S V Adjective

Compound Sentences with Structure

A compound sentence consists of two or more than two sentences.

For example:

i) John bought apples.
ii) John bought grapes.

Compound Sentence: John bought apples and grapes.

Note: In this example, the two simple sentences have been combined into one compound sentence. They are joined by the coordinating conjunction “and”,

Read the simple sentences. They have been joined together by these conjunctions:

But, so, because, or, either-or, neither-nor, both.

Example No.1

i) I went to the club.
ii) I did not play game.

Compound Sentence: I went to the club but did not play game.

Example No.2:

i) You can come by car.
ii) You can come by bus.

Compound Sentence: You can come by car or by bus.

Example No.3

i) He is hardworking.
ii) He is intelligent.

He is both hardworking and intelligent.

Example No.4

i) They are not intelligent.
ii) They are not hardworking.

They are neither intelligent nor hardworking.

Example No.5

i) John did not attend the ceremony.
ii) Feena did not attend the ceremony.

Neither John nor Feena attend the ceremony.

Complex Sentences with Structure

A complex sentence has one principal clause that is complete. It also has one subordinate clause.

For example:

i) This is the boy who won the competition.

In this sentence, ‘This is the boy’ is a complete sentence. In other words, it is a main clause in the sentence. The second part of the sentence i.e. ‘who won the game’ is the subordinate clause.

A subordinate clause gives information about the main clause, and is introduced by a conjunction such as ‘because’, ‘if’, ‘that’ or wh-words i.e., when, what, where, how. Subordinate clause can come before, after or inside the main clause.

For example:

i) If you work hard, you will succeed.
ii) You will succeed, if your work hard.
iii) This is the house which I bought last month.
iv) The boy who was talking to you is my friend.

A subordinate clause is used to indicate time. It is also called ‘time clause’.

For example:

i) We shall wait here until you come.
ii) When I reached there, it was quite dark.

Time clauses are introduced by words such as: till, as soon as, when, after, while.

A subordinate clause is used to indicate purpose. It is also called ‘purpose clause’.

For example:

i) They called me to discuss an important matter.
ii) We are planning to visit London next week.

Purpose clauses are introduced by using conjunctions ‘to, in order to, so.’

A subordinate clause is used to indicate reason. It is also called “reason clause’.

For example:
i) I cannot attend the college, because I am not feeling well.
ii) I asked him why he was late.

A subordinate clause is used to indicate result of an action or situation. It is also called a ‘result clause’.

For example:

i) My friend was feeling tense, so I met him to console him.
ii) He left the room so quickly, that I could not ask him about his result.

A subordinate clause is used to contrast different elements. It is also called contrast clause.

For example:

i) He could not reach the station in time, though he ran very fast.

A subordinate clause is used to talk about how something is done. It is also called manner clause.

For example:

i) He treated me as if I were his servant.
ii) The climate of New York is as pleasant as that of Switzerland.

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