Topics For Essay Writing (Structure of Essay)

Essay is a short prose literary work. Here the structure of essay alongwith comprehensive list of topics for essay writing has been discussed.

Essay Writing:

Essay is a short prose literary work. It means ‘an attempt’ literally. The first use of the word for short prose discussion was published in 1580 by Montaigne, the French philosopher, under the title “Essais.”

Structure of the Essay:

  1. Unity: The essay is split into paragraphs as the paragraph is split into sentences. Just as the unity rule applies to paragraph structure and sentences, so it applies to the essay structure. This unity is ensured when the essay is limited to only one subject.
  2. Coherence: Logical combination of ideas expressed in the essay.
  3. Proportion, Balance: If the proper proportion between the various parts is not respected, the design of the experiment shall be faulty. Be careful not to wander from the subject of each paragraph.
  4. The Beginning and the End: The opening or introduction of the subject should be striking and relevant. The conclusion should always be short; even a single sentence sometimes happens. It is the climax of the efforts of the writer and the essay is sealed. It can be finished with a quote.
  5. The Middle of the essay: This constitutes the essay’s main section and contains the relevant facts, illustrations and reflections on the subject.
  6. The Tone of the essay: The tone of this essay depends a great deal, the essay is something enjoyable, lighthearted and pleasant by its very nature..
  7. The Personal view point: The writer’s mind, thoughts, opinions, sentiments, and experience are reflected in this fine essay..

Steps in Writing Essay:

  • Selection of the subject.
  • Definition of the subject.
  • Limit to the subject.
  • Collection of material.
  • Making of an outline.
  • Writing a rough draft.
  • Revision and writing of a second draft.
  • Writing a final draft.


  1. Cause And Effect Essay:

Cause and effect essays are concerned with why things happen (causes) and what happens as a result (effects). Cause and effect is a common method of organizing and discussing ideas.

Steps when writing a cause and effect essay:

  1. Distinguish between cause and effect: In order to identify the reasons, ask, “Why?” Ask, “What happened to that?” and to identify effects.
  2. Develop your thesis statement: Tell clearly if the causes, effects or both are discussed. Put in the words “cause,” “effect,” and your main idea.
  3. Find and organize supporting details: Provide the appropriate and detailed support for your thesis. Details can be arranged as follows:

Chronological, In order in which the events occurred, the details are arranged.

Order of importance, Details are arranged from least to most important or vice versa.

Categorical, Details are arranged by dividing the topic into parts of categories.

Use transitions appropriate, Use transitional words and phrases to mix details correctly in cause and effect essays: For causes (because for, because it is because, because, for, first, second) Another is, therefore, for effects)

Suggestions for Writing Essays:

Keep these suggestions in mind when writing your essay:

I. Recall your goal. Decide whether you write or persuade.
ii. Focus on direct and immediate causes (or effects).
iii. Limit yourselves, in contrast with remote and indirect causes, to causes that occur subsequently and are indirectly linked.
iv. Enhance your attempt by using evidence to support it.

Define terms, offer facts and stats, or give examples, anecdotes, or personal comments supporting your ideas.

i. Qualify your cause and effect statements or limit them. If there is no clear evidence that one event is related to another, use sentences such as “The cause appears to be” or “The evidence may indicate” and “Available evidence suggests.”


Explain the main causes of a high college dropout rate.

  1. Explain the main causes of a high college dropout rate.
  2. Explain the noise pollution consequences.
  3. What are Computer Revolution’s causes and effects?
  4. The effects of multilingualism on language learning.
  5. Problems to people and the environment that the city causes.
  6. How does analphabetism affect?
  7. Explain a particular library or author, film, musician or TV programme, for your likes or dislikes.
  8. Explain your interests in sports or specific sports or lack of interest in them.
  9. How does the extinction of plant species and animal species affect and aftermath?
  10. Technology and its impact on human liberty and society’s happiness..
  11. What caused the AIDS epidemic?
  12. Think of a person in this world whom you most like or dislike.
  13. Describe the trait that makes you like or dislike him or her and
    find reasons for this trait. State both the trait and the reason
    for it.

Comparison and Contrast:

  The students must compare two things, problems, events or ideas and evaluate their similarities and differences in comparison and contrast essay. This type of essay helps you to advance and develop critical thought and to understand the importance of the events and things you compare. Here are the examples of several subjects, which should include compare/contrast parts.

  1. How these issues were treated in Hamlet, Hatred and Love?
  2. How did we study the term ‘d’ etente’ by two main historians,?
  3. In New York and Los Angeles, comparison of pollution reduction programmes. Which one is better than that?

The plan of your essay.

The contradiction/compare attempt is a specific type of essay, as we mentioned earlier. This is why it may be different from others to compose this kind of essay. There are a number of ways to organise and design this type of essay.

i. item by item. 

List all information on the first comparison subject first. Then you should go further and list all of the comparison topics.

This item-to-item comparison is frequently used when you design so called “lens” comparison. In this assignment you are asked to use one thing for a better understanding of another. In this case you should describe in nutshell the main points on the first thing and then move on discussing how the points mentioned are similar/different to another thing.

ii. Point-by-Point

This method is used to compare each point of the objects, rather than describe one thing at a time. For example, if you are assigned to compare two sport venues, your first paragraph might comprise the comparison of their locations. Your second one can be devoted to the description of the designs of the venues. In the third paragraph you may describe sport events that these venues host.

There is not any universal rule in the designing of compare or contrast essay. Certainly, it should have logicial comprehensive and consistent structure.


  1. You are about to enter the university. You’ve visited a lot of open das and you are not quite sure about your ultimate decision. There are two major universities you like most. Compare and contrast everything you’ve heard and everthing you know about these two educational establishments.
  2. You are going to your summer vacation. You’ve already chosen a gorgeous resort for your vacation, but hesitate about the kind of transport you’ll take for your trip. You are not quite sure what way of travelling is more comfortable and suitable: a bus or an airplance. Compare and contrast these two means of transportation.
  3. You parents are going to move to the country. You strongly object to it. For this purpose you make the comparative and contrast analysis of living in the city with living in the country.


A description essay turns you into a creative artist. The pen transforms into a magic paintbrush which paints a capturing picture of the described object.

In your description essay you may depict some place, event, and person, anything that is significant to you and will be interesting to the readers.

Bascially you are free to describe anyting you want, just do it well.

You will hardly need doing any research or (though sometimes it may be necessary) to write a descriptive essay. You can write about something from your point of view.

Writers use one of the two methods of description when creating a description essay:

They turn for Objective Description to describe physical objects, technical things or present reporting. It is a direct, real to life description of something. The author is inclined to provide the reader with the facts. Objective description lacks emotions and feelings. It does not give the reader an idea of writer’s attitude to the object.

Subjective (impressionistic) is quite the opposite. The reader will see the picture with your eyes and you are to evoke strong feelings in his mind. Unlike objective descriptin, it employes all the senses to convey the desirable meaning and achieve the necessary effect. You will share your view on the presented subject. This type of description tends to be very sensual, emotional and thoughtful.


  • a cell phone
  • a laptop computer
  • a favorite restaurant
  • your dream house
  • your ideal roommate
  • you memory of a place that you visited as a child
  • an accident scene
  • an item left too long in your refrigerator
  • a vase of flowers
  • you favorite food
  • the inside of a spaceship
  • an art exhibit
  • your old neighborhood
  • a small town cemetery
  • an inspiring view

Narrative Essay:

As a mode of expository writing, the narrative approach, more than any other, offers writers a chance to thing and write about themselves. We all have experiences lodged in our memories, which are worthy of sharing with readers. Yet sometimes they are so fused with other memories that a lot of the time spent in writing narrative is the pre-writing stage.

When you write a narrative essay, you are telling a story. Narrative essays are told from a defined point of view, often sensory details provided to get the reader involved in the elements and sequence of the story. The verbs are vivid and precise. The narrative essay makes a point and that point is often defined in the opening sentence, but can also be found as the last sentence in the opening paragraph.

This type of essays should include your own approach to the topic, you view point on it and your interpretation of facts and events. When you compose narrative essay, do not forget to discuss the plot, character stylisitic elements, etc. If you use a book or several ones of your work. When you’re writing a narrative essay, loosen up. After all, you’re basically just telling a story to someone, something you probably do every day in casually conversation. Use first reference guide on how to write the narrative essay.

  • Decide on a topic
  • Discuss the topic with your teacher/professor and peers either in class or in a group discusson or private tutorial
  • Brainstorm several different ways the narrative can go.
  • Start writing
  • Do not stop writing. Let your writing flow onward in a stream of consciousness type of way.
  • Reread the essay.
  • Edit for grammar and the technical rules of writing.
  • Let someone else edit/read over your essay for content and grammar.

Basic Qualities of a narrative essay:

  • A narrative essay is a piece of writing that recreates an experience through time.
  • A narrative essay can be based on one of your own experiences, either past or present, or it can be based on the experiences of someone else.
  • In addition to telling a story, a narrative essay also communicates a main idea or a lesson learned.

First steps for writing a narrative essay:

  • Identify the experience that you want to write about.
  • Think about why the experience is significant.
  • Spend a good deal of time drafting your recollections about the details of the experience.
  • Create an outline of the basic parts of your narrative.


  • When I Got Lost
  • My favorite Meal
  • An Animal I would Be
  • Something I wish I had
  • A place i had Like to Live
  • My Hero
  • If I were Invisible
  • If I were President
  • If I had a Million Dollars
  • A Job I Hate to Do.
  • The Most Beautiful Thing in the World
  • My Parents Were Right
  • The Hardest Thing I Ever Had to Do
  • This Made Me Laugh!
  • A Secret Place
  • The Greatest Invention
  • When I was a Little Kid
  • Something That Disappeared
  • The Best News I ever Received
  • Most Memorable Trip


The main aim of persuasive essay is to show that our argument is true. It attempts to convince the reader that your point of view is more legitimate than others. Once you have developed some argument, you should back it up with available evidence and examples.

For many students the planning of the persusive essay is not an easy matter. The following steps will facilitate the process:

  • Define your attitude on the matter.

You should express clearly and convincingly why you have chosen this position on the subject of your research.

  • Study your prospective audience.

Try to find out whether your audience will agree with the argument, whether it accepts or disapproves of your position.

  • Examine closely the subject.

All arguments in persuasive essay should be backed up with reliable and trustworthy evidence.

  • Plan you essay.

Try to design your essay by figuring out the order in which you will present your evidence.

  • To write a sound persuasive essay, do:

Be well informed about the subject you research. You should research thoroughly the topic and provide reliable legitimate resources to back it up

Re-examine your thesis.

Your thesis, like a coin should have two sides. It should be arguable. In order to make it arguable provide counter thesis to your argument.

Understand another point view.

In order to make the best of your presentation, find out why other people hold a different point of view. Examine the weak points of their arguments ( on this stage It should closely examine the weakness of your points as well).

Back up your arguments.

All your evidence should be reasonable and reliable. You might include some statistics as well. In this case, do not forget that you must cite the sources.

Provide some quotes.

Sometimes, it is indispensable to provide some quotes from reliable and reputable experts.

Include examples.

They enhance the reader’s credibility.


  1. Terrorism: it’s high time to stop that war.
  2. Human cloning is wrong.
  3. Human cloing and family values.
  4. Greenhouse affect as a result of deforesting.
  5. Pollution is a consistent demolition of the earth.
  6. Abuse at home and domestic violence should be punished.
  7. Media violence has a negative effect.
  8. The negative effect of divorce parents on child physics.
  9. The influence of the Internet: More harm than good or vice versa.
  10. Free public transport for everbody: for or against.

Process and Analysis essay:

A process is a series of actions leading to an expected or planned outcome. There are two types of process essays: those that instruct or direct and those that explain or analyze.

  1. Directional process essays tell how to do something. For example, a directional process might explain how to find an apartment. The purpose of this type of essay is to clarify the steps in the procedure so that the reader can re-create the steps and the results.
  2. An informational process essay explains or analyzes a process. It tells how something works, how something happened, or how something is or was done. For example, you could explain how World War II began or how hurricanes form. The informational process essay has a purpose different from that of a directional process essay. It’s main purpose is to inform, explain, or analyze. The reader is gaining an understanding of the process; he or she does not necessarily expect to be able to recreate the process. Although process essays that explain or instruct have different purposes, they can be developed by using the same pattern of development and organization.

Planning the process Analysis Essay:

When you are planning your essay, you should bear in mind the following advice:

  1. Be aware of the audience
  2. Order the steps chronologically


  1. Is there too much of commercialism in the Internet?
  2. Should the animals be used for scientific research? Is is humanly?
  3. Should drivers of automobiles or prohibited from using cellular phones?
  4. Should the death penalty be mandatory for people that kill other people?
  5. Should animal experimentation be permitted?
  6. Forests are the lungs of the earth. Should the rain forests destruction be prohibited? How is it possible to protect forests?
  7. To what extent has the traditional male role changed in the last 20 years?
  8. Education is an indivisibly part of the prosperity of the nation. The more educated and cultured people there are in the country the more flourishing and thrifty the country is. Comment on this issue, argument your decision.
  9. Human beings do not need to eat meat in order to maintain good health because they can get all their food needs from meatless products and meatless substances. A vegetarian diet is as healthy as a diet containing meat. Argue for or against the opinion above.
  10. Domestic workers: How these women are treated or face with inequality in the workplace, most of these women come from different countries and do not speak the language or know their own rights.
  11. Should restrictions be placed on the use of mobile phones in public areas like restaurants and theaters?
  12. What are two sides of the death penalty? Is it a cruel murderer or a just punishment? Can it be a deterrent to crime?
  13. Forests are the lungs of earth. Should the rain forests destruction be prohibited? How is it possible to protect forests?

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