6 + 2 TRAITS OF WRITING – Revolution Guide

The 6 + 2 traits of writing which are used in writing process. They are ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, organization and convention.

What are the Six plus Two Traits of Writing?

The six plus two are the traits of writing which are used in writing process. They are ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, organization and convention.

It is not impossible to tell whether a piece of writing is good or bad. You just have to read it. However, things become more difficult if you try to explain why it’s good. Even harder than that is analyzing the good things a writer is doing so you can learn to use his or her techniques in your work. Teaching others how to use them is the most difficult of all, but it is precisely what we must be able to accomplish.

Commonly good writing has six traits.


The content of the piece of writing, or the heart of the message in the writing, is made up of ideas. It’s all about information when it comes to ideas. This information can originate from the writer’s personal experience or his or her imagination. When the writer’s ideas are solid, he or she can convey a clear message and stay on topic. Furthermore, the author employs vivid details to conjure up vivid, intriguing images in the reader’s head.

The focus of instruction is on:

i. Writing for the sake of clarity.
ii. Recognizing the concept of the key idea
iii. As a pre-writing strategy, use drawing (where suitable) or an organizer.
iv. Maintaining focus on a single topic without straying
v. Adding details to a major idea to make it more fascinating and to paint a mental picture for the reader.


The piece’s interior structure, meaning thread, and logical sequence of ideas are all instances of organization. It binds everything together, much like an animal’s skeleton. A strong organization offers ideas direction, purpose, and momentum, skilfully guiding the reader from one point to the next.

The focus of instruction is on:

i. Creating an organizational structure that makes it simple to follow ideas.
ii. Creating a compelling lead that kicks off the writing process
iii. Developing a clear and consistent emphasis on the central concept
iv. Including a suitable conclusion that gives the text a sense of completion.


Voice is the soul of the piece; it is how you say it. Some aspects of voice, such as individuality and honesty, must be cultivated. Our writing takes on a personality, and we care about it. When a writer writes a paper with a good voice, the words communicate directly to the reader in a unique, expressive, and engaging manner. The text exhibits an awareness of the audience’s demands.

The focus of instruction is on:
i. Assisting students in detecting the presence of the voice in work that has been read aloud.
Providing students with practice in creating their own words. to describe voice iii. Choosing personal issues to allow pupils to “roar” in their voices.
Using very simple version techniques to build voice into flat writing.


Word choice depends on choosing the “just right” words to fit the audience, topic, and purpose. Simplicity, the use of forceful verbs, sensitivity to nuances of meaning, the use of sensory words that place the writer right in the situation, and an increased vocabulary are all secrets to excellent word choice.

Word choice improves and enlivens the quality of our work. Our work gains vigor and clarity when we use the correct words in the proper context. Strong word choice in writing communicates the intended message in a precise, fascinating, and natural manner. We utilize language to construct a picture for the reader when we choose words for our writing.

The focus of instruction is on:

  • Revising to remove duplication in writing
  • Knowing what a verb is
  • Using verbs to liven up and glitter up your writing
  • iv. To figure out what new terms mean, use context clues.
  • v. Using drawing to clarify word meanings
  • vi. Creating vibrant, compelling writing by using sensory words
  • vii. Recognizing sensory words in writing


The flow of the phrase, the sound of word patterns, and the way the writing plays to the ear, not simply the eye, are all examples of sentence fluency. It’s the writing’s rhythm and flow. It has a wide range of structure and length, and it encourages creative interpretative reading. While fluency and grammar are not the same things, they are linked. Fluency includes both natural and expressive discourse.

Sentence Fluency gives our writing a rhythm or purposeful sense and grace. The writing has an easy flow when read aloud. Sentences are well-constructed and have a variety of structures that encourage expressive oral reading. Sentences must be concise and forceful to convey the intended idea. Logic, creative wording, parallel constructions, alliteration, and a variety of phrase lengths and structures are used to achieve this.

The focus of instruction is on:

i. Listening for fluency while the material is read aloud
ii. Knowing what a sentence is
iii. Varying sentence beginnings to improve fluency
iv. Combining sentences to produce one longer sentence
v. Creating individualized text to aid fluency development


When our writing is complete, now we’re ready to edit and proofread. It’s time to polish our work so that others can read and enjoy it. The writer who accurately and effectively applies norms exhibits knowledge of grammar, capitalization, punctuation, use, spelling, and paragraphing.

The focus of the instruction is on:

  • Spelling
  • Punctuation
  • Grammar
  • Capitalization

In a nutshell, good writing has fascinating and meaningful ideas, organizing logically and efficiently. The arrangement of ideas and the manner the writer flows from one thought to the next is referred to an organization.

When someone reads a piece of writing, it has a voice. Is the setting official or informal? Is it outgoing and friendly, or reserved and aloof? The writer’s voice is a verbal manifestation of his or her personality.

Word choice that is specific and memorable. The appropriate words are used in the proper places to save the right things in good writing. Fluent sentences are simple to grasp and enjoyable to read.

Conventions are the techniques through which we all agree to utilize punctuation, spelling, grammar, and other features to make writing uniform and easy to read.


All six writing characteristics listed above are required during the writing process. Although the presentation is not a writing characteristic, it is a strategy for extracting the desired goal of the writing. It’s a helpful tool for improving your writing skills. The more you offer the writing to the audience, the more likely you are to attain the desired objectives.

The focus of instruction is on:

i. Prior knowledge about the audience
ii. Communication style
iii. Good knowledge about the manuscript
iv. Eye contact with the audience.


In writing, references are really important. The more study you do before writing, the better your chances of getting the desired result. The authenticity of a piece of writing is determined by the references included in it. The use of references enhances the clarity and vividness of the narrative.

The focus of instruction is on:

i. Authentic source
ii. Reliable source
iii. Reference to old testimonials
iv. Avoid sharing your personal experience in writing

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