Writing is one of the four skills of a language. In this article, we have discussed in detail the mechanics in writing.
- 1 Definition of Writing:
- 2 What are the mechanics in writing?
- 3 Principles of Writing:
- 4 Importance of Writing:
- 5 Is writing logically?
- 6 Cohesive Writing:
- 7 Coherent Writing:
- 8 Style of Writing:
- 9 Process of Writing:
- 10 Writing Process at the Third Stage:
- 11 More to Read:
Definition of Writing:
‘Writing’ is the visual representation of not only speech but also of speech sounds and paralanguage with the help of some symbols on the paper.
What are the mechanics in writing?
Writing comes after proper practice and training. It needs effort, focus, motivation, time, guidance, reading, and observation.
Principles of Writing:
Writing is a very complex activity. It takes time and effort to become a good writer. It also needs training. A good piece of writing covers the following principles.
Importance of Writing:
A good piece of writing is never without purpose. It has always a purpose to fulfill. A good writer thinks beforehand about the purpose of his writing. He also selects the kind of his writing: whether he is going to write a descriptive or narrative piece, a poetic or a prosaic piece, etc.
Is writing logically?
A decent piece of writing must have a sound basis. Our feelings and ideas about some person or event must be developed logically toward a certain point.
First of all, we should know about cohesion. ‘Cohesion’ refers to the unity of grammar. It means that a piece of writing should be correct grammatically. A good writer follows the grammatical rules, almost unconsciously. He knows how to use link words at an appropriate stage of writing.
Examples of Cohesive Writing:
a) John gets up early in the morning.
b) John takes exercise.
When we join the two sentences, they become one, as “John gets up early in the morning and takes exercise.”
To understand the coherent writing, consider the following sentences.
a) Feena gets up early in the morning.
b) She is a liar.
We see in the above sentences that there is no unity of sense between the two. The unity of sense is known as coherent. A good piece of writing is always coherent. It follows a sequence of ideas. In writing, the next idea springs from the previous idea.
Style of Writing:
The style and subject matter of a piece of writing are always affected by the addresses. The style of writing a letter to a boss will be quite different from that of writing to a friend. Our choice of words (diction), sentence structure, format, etc are affected by the addresses.
Process of Writing:
Consider the word ‘writing’ in these situations:
a) Kim is a five-year child. His handwriting is very fascinating.
b) A teacher has taught some essays and said to his pupils, “This is your writing assignment.”
c) An author says, “I am writing a novel.”
By observing the above sentences, we can easily say that the writing process involves three main stages.
First Stage (Orthography, Manipulation)
At this stage, a child develops muscle control and hand-eye coordination. He learns how to hold a pencil in the right way. He is also taught how to leave a margin, how they leave an equal space between the letters and even between the words. He is taught how to write in a straight line.
Second stage (Structuring)
Once a child has gripped orthography and some basic rules of writing, he gets ready for the next stage. At this stage, he learns how to connect words into meaningful phrases and sentences. This stage becomes easy if the student has mastered the speaking skill. At this stage, writing means learning and practicing grammar through written exercises.
Third Stage (Communicative Writing)
This is the ultimate goal of writing. The first two stages are of little use if this third stage is not achieved. But the third stage cannot be achieved without mastering the previous two stages. Communication is the end of this stage and writing as well.
It is at this stage that a person can express his feelings and ideas freely. He can communicate his thoughts to others in an effective way. He can also differentiate between the different sub-kinds of a kind of writing i.e. organization/business letter, a personal letter, an official letter, etc.
Writing Process at the Third Stage:
The writing process involves,
i. Generating ideas
ii. Organizing ideas
After analyzing the audience and purpose of writing we try to generate ideas by using different techniques like ‘free writing, brainstorming, clustering, etc.
After generating ideas, we try to organize them according to the demands and standards of our piece of writing. We can arrange ideas and arguments from the strongest to the weakest or vice versa. We also develop paragraph and paragraph settings and arrangements here.
We create a comfortable surrounding for writing. After getting everything arranged we start drafting. We also say the first draft, is a rough draft. It is the representation of all the settings and arrangements, we made in the previous step. It is the raw material for the final draft.
Revising is the critical and close analysis of the rough draft. We check cohesion, coherence, or any shortcoming in the rough draft.
After revising, or sometimes during revising, we edit a piece of writing. Editing is the cutting, adding, or re-arranging of our material. Here, we give a final shape to our document.
Before publishing, proofreading is the last step of the writing process. Our process completes with proofreading. We need our document for the last time. We check grammar, content, style, spelling, and miscellaneous mechanics of writing according to the standards.
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